Immunodiagnostic Antibody Technologies
Immunodiagnostics take advantage of the capability of antibodies to attach to an antigen of interest. This time-saving, specific, and sensitive approach is crucial to the understanding and diagnosis of various diseases. Immunodiagnostics allow for important insights into numerous health conditions, whether cardiac, metabolic, cancer, or infectious disease. This has allowed the development of targeted therapies and treatments. At Cell Culture Company, we are your supply chain source for the support of immunodiagnostic antibody technology.
Better Ailment Diagnosis
White blood cells in the body produce antibodies which fight against antigens/foreign bodies by attaching in a highly specific manner.
When it comes to having an effective treatment for ailments, making a correct diagnosis is key. Recent developments in immunodiagnostics have improved the possibilities for diagnosis and successful treatments. Scientists worldwide are continually working to create more sensitive, specific, and cost-efficient methods of diagnosis.
There are various types of immunodiagnostics which have been used or are still being used today. These include:
As the earliest type of immunoassays, RIAs were produced in the 1950s and are among the most sensitive procedures that utilize radiolabeling. However, they are not commonly used today due to the health risk discovered from radioactive exposure.
Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assays (ELISAs)
As a replacement for RIAs, ELISAs are a reliable and common diagnostic tool. The antibody binds to antigens and a secondary antibody connected to an enzyme that reacts by changing the color of a substrate.
Fluorescent Immunoassays (FIAs)
With FIAs, an antibody that binds to antigens is identified with a fluorescent chemical compound that emits light when excited with a particular light wavelength. Flow cytometers are commonly used to increase the usefulness of this immunodiagnostic process.
Chemiluminescent immunoassays (CLIAs)
This immunodiagnostic combines antigen-binding and chemical reactions generating an easily detectable photon of light.
Lateral flow assays (LFAs) or Lateral Flow Test
This is a diagnostic device that verifies the absence or presence of a particle of interest such as a pathogen that may be present in food, water, a blood sample, or urine. Often it includes a line to verify the validity of the kit and another line or lines used for detection. These tests may be used for food, health, agricultural, and environmental applications.